In late 1921, Washington realized that Britain was considering a conference to discuss the strategic situation in the Pacific and Far East regions. In order to prevent the conference and to satisfy national demands for a world conference on disarmament, the Harding government convened the Washington Naval Conference in November 1921.  The conference agreed on this five-member naval treaty, as well as a four-power treaty on Japan and a nine-power treaty on China.  A four-power pact negotiated at the conference (November 1921-February 1922) forced the United States, Japan, Britain, and France to respect Pacific Island dependencies for 10 years. A pact of nine powers obliged all parties to respect "sovereignty, independence and territorial and administrative integrity. In 1935, the powers met for a second naval conference in London to renegotiate the Washington and London Treaties before they expired the following year. The Japanese left this conference, but Britain, France and the United States signed an agreement that declared a six-year vacation for the construction of large light cruisers in the order of 8,000 to 10,000 tons. This final decision marked the end of decades of controversy over Kreuzer. In the Four Powers Treaty, the United States, France, the United Kingdom and Japan agreed to consult with each other in the event of a future crisis in East Asia before acting. This treaty replaced the Anglo-Japanese Treaty of 1902, which had caused some concern among the United States. .